History of Himachal Pradesh

  • Himachal Pradesh, the land of eternal snow peaks, has a historical background. Tribals form a vast chunk of Himachal population and are considered to be aborigines of here. Later, rulers from Gangetic plain established their kingdoms in Himachal. This hilly State was ruled by the Mauryans, the Kushans, the Guptas and Kanuauj. Rajas, Ranas and Thakurs ran their rival rahuns and thakurais. The places like Kangra and Kullu had the power to break out of the feeding & feudal system.

  • The rulers from Bengal came to Himachal Pradesh and founded places like Mandi in 1527. The Rajputs also founded some states from the plains in the early medieval period. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh subjugated many states. During the colonial period, they sided with the British, only to lose their kingdoms and titles when India became Independent.

    The Jesuit missionaries came to visit this region in search of the legendary Kingdom of Prester John. The British founded Himachal as a suitable place to make hill stations like Shimla, Dalhousie and Dharamsala.

    On 15th April 1948 the State of Himachal Pradesh was formed. In 1966, the territories of Kangra, Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti were added to the state.

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